Choosing the Right Piano for Beginning Piano Students: A Comprehensive Guide


Embarking on a journey to learn the piano is an exciting endeavor, and selecting the right instrument is crucial for a budding musician’s success. In this guide, we will explore three general types of pianos suitable for beginning piano students, considering their pros and cons, approximate costs, and preferable manufacturers.

Full-Size Digital Pianos with Weighted Keys:


Volume Control: Digital pianos typically come with volume control options, including a headphone jack. This allows students to practice without disturbing others, making it an excellent option for shared living spaces or late-night practice sessions.

Built-in Metronomes and Recording Features: Many digital pianos are equipped with built-in metronomes, recording features, and other learning tools. These features can be invaluable for students working on timing, rhythm, and reviewing their own performances.

Variety of Sounds and Voices: Digital pianos often offer a wide range of built-in sounds, allowing students to explore and experiment with different instrument voices. This can make practice sessions more engaging and enjoyable.

Connectivity Options: Digital pianos frequently come with USB, MIDI, and audio outputs, enabling connection to computers, tablets, or other devices. This connectivity facilitates integration with educational apps, software, and virtual instruments, expanding the learning experience.

Portability: Compared to acoustic pianos, digital pianos are generally more compact and lightweight, making them easier to move and store. This is advantageous for students with limited space or those who may need to transport their instrument for lessons or performances.

Maintenance and Tuning: Digital pianos require minimal maintenance compared to acoustic pianos. There is no need for tuning, and they are not susceptible to temperature and humidity changes, making them a convenient option for those who want a low-maintenance instrument.

Head-to-Head Volume Adjustments: Digital pianos often allow for precise control over the volume of individual keys. This feature is especially beneficial for practicing dynamics, as students can focus on playing each note at the desired intensity.

Silent Practice: With the use of headphones, students can practice silently, allowing for focused and uninterrupted practice sessions. This is particularly useful in environments where noise may be a concern.

Transposition and Tuning Options: Digital pianos often provide the ability to transpose the pitch of the entire keyboard, making it easier to play in different keys. Additionally, they may offer adjustable tuning settings, allowing the student to match the piano to other instruments or recordings.

Learning Apps and Compatibility: Many digital pianos are compatible with educational apps and software designed to enhance the learning experience. These apps may include tutorials, interactive lessons, and games to make learning more enjoyable and effective.


Lack of Authenticity: While weighted keys emulate the feel of an acoustic piano, some students may miss the authentic touch and sound of traditional pianos.

Limited Resale Value: Unlike acoustic pianos, digital pianos depreciate in value over time and may not have a strong resale market. This can be a consideration for those who may want to upgrade or change instruments in the future.

Sound Reproduction Challenges: While digital pianos strive for realistic sound reproduction, some players argue that they still fall short of replicating the nuanced and organic tones of acoustic pianos. High-end digital pianos can mitigate this, but they tend to come with a higher price tag.

Complexity for Beginners: Some beginners may find the array of features and settings on digital pianos overwhelming. The learning curve associated with understanding and utilizing various functions may distract from the primary focus on learning to play the piano.

Dependency on Technology: Digital pianos rely on electronic components, and as technology advances, older models may become outdated or incompatible with newer software updates. This can potentially limit the lifespan of a digital piano.

Potential for Mechanical Issues: While digital pianos generally require less maintenance than acoustic ones, they are not immune to technical malfunctions. Issues such as malfunctioning keys, sensor problems, or electrical failures may arise and may require professional repair.

Aesthetic Differences: Some individuals appreciate the traditional and aesthetic appeal of an acoustic piano, and a digital piano may not offer the same visual charm. The lack of wooden components and the presence of a digital display can be less appealing to those who value the classic appearance of a piano.

Portability Trade-offs: While digital pianos are generally more portable than acoustic ones, high-end models with more advanced features may be bulkier and heavier. This could be a consideration for those who prioritize portability.

Approximate Cost: $500 – $2,000

Preferable Manufacturers: Yamaha, Roland, Kawai

Upright Acoustic Pianos:


Authentic Touch and Feel: Upright acoustic pianos provide a touch and feel that closely resembles that of a grand piano. The weighted keys and hammer action contribute to a more authentic playing experience, promoting proper finger strength and technique development.

Rich and Warm Sound: Acoustic pianos produce a rich, warm, and resonant sound that many musicians find appealing. The depth and quality of the sound contribute to a more immersive and expressive playing experience.

Durability and Longevity: Well-maintained upright acoustic pianos are built to last for many decades. The durability of the wooden components and the overall construction make them a long-term investment for the student’s musical journey.

No Dependency on Electricity: Upright acoustic pianos do not require electricity to produce sound. This makes them a reliable option in various settings, especially during power outages or in locations without access to electricity.

Aesthetic Appeal: Acoustic pianos often have an elegant and timeless design, adding a touch of aesthetic appeal to any room. The presence of real wooden components contributes to the classic look of these instruments.


Size and Weight: Upright pianos are generally large and heavy, requiring a dedicated space within the home. Moving an upright piano can be a significant undertaking and may necessitate professional movers.

Cost and Initial Investment: Acoustic pianos, including uprights, can be more expensive than digital counterparts. The initial investment includes the cost of the instrument itself, delivery, and potential tuning.

Maintenance and Tuning: Acoustic pianos require regular tuning to maintain optimal sound quality. Changes in humidity and temperature can affect the tuning, necessitating more frequent maintenance.

Limited Portability: Upright pianos are less portable than digital or electronic keyboards. Once placed in a room, they are typically not moved frequently, limiting their use in different spaces.

Volume Control Challenges: Acoustic pianos do not have built-in volume controls, and their sound level cannot be easily adjusted. This can be a concern in environments where volume needs to be controlled, especially during practice sessions.

Limited Connectivity: Unlike digital pianos, upright acoustic pianos do not offer advanced connectivity options, such as USB or MIDI connections. This can limit the integration with digital devices and software.

Potential for Sound Decay: Over time, acoustic pianos may experience sound decay, where the sound becomes less vibrant. Regular maintenance can address this issue, but it’s a consideration for long-term ownership.

Approximate Cost: $3,000 – $10,000

Preferable Manufacturers: Steinway & Sons, Yamaha, Kawai

Low-Cost Electronic Keyboards with Non-Weighted Keys:


Affordability: One of the most significant advantages of low-cost electronic keyboards is their affordability. They provide a cost-effective entry point for beginners who may not want to make a substantial initial investment.

Portability: Electronic keyboards are typically lightweight and compact, making them highly portable. This is advantageous for students who need a portable practice instrument or those with limited space.

Versatility in Sound Options: Despite their low cost, many electronic keyboards offer a variety of instrument sounds, rhythms, and built-in effects. This versatility allows students to experiment with different musical styles and tones.

Battery Operation: Some low-cost electronic keyboards can operate on batteries, providing flexibility in terms of where the instrument can be used. This is particularly useful for those who want to practice in outdoor settings or places without easy access to power outlets.

Simple Controls: Electronic keyboards are designed with user-friendly controls, making them easy for beginners to navigate. This simplicity can be advantageous for those who prefer a straightforward interface.


Non-Weighted Keys: The lack of weighted keys on low-cost electronic keyboards can be a significant drawback. Weighted keys simulate the feel of an acoustic piano, and without this feature, students may miss out on developing proper finger strength and technique.

Limited Expressiveness: Non-weighted keys may hinder the ability to express nuances in playing dynamics. Achieving a range of dynamics and articulations is often more challenging on keyboards with non-weighted keys.

Build Quality: Low-cost electronic keyboards may have a plastic build that is less durable than higher-end models. This can impact their longevity and resilience to wear and tear.

Sound Quality: While electronic keyboards offer a variety of sounds, the overall sound quality may not match that of higher-end digital pianos. The speakers on inexpensive keyboards may lack the depth and richness found in more advanced models.

Limited Growth Potential: As a student progresses and develops advanced playing skills, the limitations of low-cost electronic keyboards may become more apparent. Upgrading to a more sophisticated instrument may be necessary for continued musical development.

Fewer Features: Low-cost keyboards may lack advanced features found in higher-end models, such as touch sensitivity, pedal inputs, and advanced connectivity options. This can limit the range of expression and versatility for the student.

Shorter Key Length: Some low-cost electronic keyboards may have shorter key lengths compared to standard acoustic or digital pianos. This difference may impact the student’s ability to transition to a full-size piano in the future.

Approximate Cost: $100 – $500

Preferable Manufacturers: Casio, Yamaha, Alesis


Choosing the right piano for a beginning student involves considering factors such as budget, space, and the student’s musical goals. Each type of piano has its advantages and drawbacks, so it’s essential to weigh these factors carefully. Ultimately, selecting a reputable manufacturer and understanding the student’s preferences will contribute to a fulfilling and successful piano learning experience.